Neuropsychological Sequelae in Attention and Memory in Women Victims of Gender-Based Violence and Their Implication in Depression. A Multivariate Analysis
Torres García, A.V., Perez Fernandez, M., Vega-Hernández, M.C. y Anón Rubio C. (2021)
Women victims of abuse can suffer neuropsychological sequelae that affect memory and attention, as well psychopathological disorders such as depression. These consequences affect their daily life and physical and psychological health. Objective: To analyze sequelae that affect attention and memory, as well a possible association of these sequelae to depression. Method: A total of 68 women victims of gender-based violence participated in the study. The participants were between 15 and 62 years of age and resided in Spain at the time of data collection. The Luria DNA Battery (Neuropsychological Diagnosis of Adults) by Manga and Ramos (2000); and the Beck Depression Inventory were applied. Results: Women victims of gender-based violence suffer neuropsychological sequelae, presenting low short-term memory and attentional control; and score low on the Luria-DNA battery. Of these women, 60% suffer from some relevant type of depression, and there are significant differences according to their degree of memory. Through the HJ-Biplot, a direct relationship was found between memory and attentional control with the total score of the Luria battery. On the other hand, an inverse relationship was found between short-term memory and depression. Lastly, three well-differentiated gender clusters of women victims of gender-based violence were identified. Conclusions: A lower rate of depression is observed in women victims of abuse when they have a more intact short-term memory.
We participate in the RuralCare project from the GIR of the Department of Psychology, together with other departments, university and technological institutes participated by the University of Valladolid. RuralCare is a European innovation project in social services consisting of the design, testing and evaluation of an innovative systemic approach, for the provision of integrated long-term care, adapted to people living in rural areas depending on their values, desires and individual preferences. The project performs a segmentation of households at risk, considering not only the individual situation, but also their environment. 4 types of HR (home at risk) and 11 subtypes are defined. The classification is carried out considering the following variables: one-person household or household in which more than one person coexists, degree of dependency, characteristics of the main caregiver and presence or absence of cognitive impairment. The conditions of households are improved by proximity services, family support, health care, adaptations of the household products, support and participation in the community. The role of the case coordinator and personal assistants are strengthened. They guide their support towards the development of the Person’s Life Project. There will be developed changes in the technical instruments of interventions and new protocols of proactive care to chronic diseases as a plan of individual support. The project has started on October 1st of 2020 and will last 36 months.
Growing in Nepal
We collaborate with the Association ‘Growing in Nepal‘, a non-profit organization, based in various Spanish cities, which supports the work of the Poor & Helpless Girls Home, a shelter located in the city of Kathmandu (Nepal) in the that twenty-five girls are given shelter, maintenance and access to education, with the fundamental aim of being present in the lives of all of them and helping them grow, with all that this implies. In 2016, we participated in a series of Neuro-education, Mindfulness and Visual Thinking workshops, which helped the girls learn about the possibilities of communication, through positive affect, mindfulness and the rich and complex world of emotions.
Visual Thinking: how the brain understands and represents what we see
Urchegui, P. (2019)
The concept of Visual Thinking is introduced by Rudolph Arnheim, who published a book with this title in 1969. It is the work of a psychologist interested in the processes of perception and visual reasoning who uses examples of art as a developed expression of these processes.
However, Visual Thinking is a construct that explains the mental, artistic and scientific representation that we make of the world and the reality that surrounds us.
Effect of the use of cognitive emotion regulation strategies on reading comprehension and calculation skills in adolescents
del Valle, M., M., Zamora, E. V., Andrés, M. L., Irrurtia, M. J., y Urquijo, S. (2019).
The aim of the present study was to analyze the effect of the use of cognitive emotion regulation strategies on the academic skills (calculation and reading comprehension) of adolescent population. To this end, the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, the Reading Competency Test for Secondary Education and the arithmetic subtest of the Wide Range Achievement Test, were administered to 65 participants (gender: F: 40, M: 22; age: ME = 15.52, DE = .69). Students belonged to a concerted school from the city of Valladolid, Spain. The results indicate that the use of maladaptive strategies -and not the use of adaptive strategies- explains the performance on academic skills tests. The results are discussed in relation to the literature, highlighting the negative effects of the use of maladaptive strategies such as Rumination, Catastrophizing and Self-blaming, on learning.
We collaborate with the CINA Lab Group, which aims to design assessment tools for attention in children and adults. Working on the development of different tests in digital version that include eye tracking devices for the quantification of the information obtained, studies are being carried out to evaluate the differences that result between the use of paper and digital versions. In addition, the incorporation of eye-tracking is being carried out during the administration of the scales, which allows the collection of extremely valuable information that enhances the desired evaluation.
Department of Psychology – University of Valladolid